Onyx is a unique natural stone that originates from dripstone deposits of limestone caves. When water drips from stalactites and stalagmites within these caves and evaporates a compound called calcium carbonate is left behind. This causes the stone’s colorful veins, swirls, and patterns that are unique to onyx. Therefore, onyx is classified a chemical sedimentary stone and can at times contain fossils and shells. Prehistoric animal skeletons have even been found preserved inside onyx!
What Does Onyx Look Like?
Onyx is crystalline stone, and often translucent – which means it allows for light to pass through. The degree of translucency varies among onyx slabs and is dependent on the color, thickness and surface finish. A unique feat, onyx will recrystallize in time, often enhancing translucency as a result. Onyx typically comes in a wide array of yellow hues due to the presence of iron deposits, but other common colors are green, white, orange, gold, pink and brown.
Should I Use Onyx in My Next Project?
We believe that if you love this stone, a skilled fabricator will be able to make your onyx project a reality. Like most natural stones, onyx has the potential to etch and stain; however, a sealer can be used in addition to prevent wear and tear over time. Feature walls, countertops, art pieces and fireplaces are all especially great examples of ways to incorporate onyx into your home. Most onyx applications can be backlit to enhance the stone’s natural translucency.
Fall is right around the corner and we have carefully taken note of the best trends and styles that you will want to include in your next project.
One way to enjoy color and create a cohesive look is to start with a neutral palette and add splashes of color. The Breccia Capraia Marble is an incredible marble, known for vivid mixture of white and dark grey veining. This marble also has simple, jewel colored hues that add bursts of color to create a polished look. By adding neutral, earthy elements such as wood and your favorite colorful fall flower arrangement and you will have a lovely, sophisticated design.
The old “you can’t wear white after Labor Day” rule definitely does not apply to this modern, white wonderland. The trick for creating the perfect, crisp, clean, look without making your space feel too clinical is texture, texture, texture. Aria Stone Gallery’s Hanoi Pure White marble has flecks of sparkling quartz throughout, which adds dimension and texture to any project. Finish this project with textiles in cool, complimenting colors that are warm to the touch.
Get swept away in a colorful sea of blue. Aria Stone Gallery’s Azul Imperiale Extra Quartzite is everything you need to make a colorful statement wall that will command attention. Perfect for a bookmatch design, the veining moves over the canvas as waves on the beach, instantly transporting you back to your summer vacation during these upcoming chilly months.
Add a feminine touch to your design with pink materials and textures. With colors like Millenial Pink being at the forefront for 2017 trends, we are also seeing designers and homeowners becoming more comfortable using pink in fun and unexpected designs. One way to create a lively, unexpected design is to use a material such as Onyx Kilimanjaro, which has the ability to be backlit with an LED panel. This natural stone has pink and red hues in the sunlight and emits a warm, rich amber glow when backlit.
Stripes and lines are a favorite amongst designers for creating movement and playing optical tricks making spaces feel longer and taller. The White Macaubas Quartzite is an elegant natural stone that has a linear pattern of dark grey, creamy white, and sandy brown that will tie in your design and create that grand space you have been searching for.
As described by The Natural Stone Institute, onyx is a frequently translucent and generally layered, cryptocrystalline calcite. Onyx is a sedimentary rock that is usually deposited in cold water solutions, often in the form of stalagmites and stalactites in caves. Through this formation, cryptocrystalline is created and the size and uniformity of these crystals is what contributes to the classic translucent property of onyx stone.
Dating back to the Egyptians, onyx was used to create bowls and other decorative elements and nowadays onyx is commonly used to create jewelry, decorative surfaces, and wall materials. The unique patterns and striations, in addition to a wide range of colors, make onyx the perfect material to add a dramatic focal point to a space. One of the many appeals of nature’s beautiful onyx is that it has the ability to be backlit due to its unique translucent properties. When a slab of onyx is able to be backlit, it is able to take on a completely new life, showcasing the unique veining while adding additional ambiance to a space with a subtle glow.
The key to backlighting is using the correct LED panels to ensure an even coverage of light and eliminating any “hot spots.” To further analyze key tips when it comes to backlighting, we connected with the backlighting expert himself, Patrick Dwyer from Knema LLC (dba LuminousFilm), and picked his brain so you can backlight with confidence. Read on.
Q. What do you need to consider before lighting a countertop? Power source? Size? Material? Is there anything that is different about lighting a wall vs a countertop?
A. Actually, not really. As long as you are mounting the panels to a surface and securing them with something like mirror clips, or c-channel you should be fine.
Q. What should you know before choosing an LED bulb for backlighting onyx?
A. When picking a light color, you should be aware of the overall affect it will have on the room. Do you want to contrast or match existing light fixtures? And you should be aware of how the light will affect the color of the stone. If you have a honey onyx using a very warm color temp (2700K for example) would help bring out more of the yellows in the stone.
Q. What are the LED backlighting color options?
A. Our panels have two main color options. White light LEDs (ranging from ~2700K-6000K) and we have RGB LEDs, which allows for millions of different color options.
Q. How much does it cost to backlight a stone?
A. Cost per square foot varies greatly depending on the project and the products used. Variables such as the thickness of the stone, distance of panel from the stone, and how translucent the stone is can affect the square foot price greatly. Generally, we find the cost to run roughly ~$45-100/square foot.
Q. What is the maintenance on the LED lighting panels?
A. Typically there is very little – to no maintenance on the products.
Q. How often do LED panels need to be replaced?
A. If properly installed, the panels should last a very long time. We usually end up replacing power supplies before we replace panels. Our LED edge-lit panels have an L-70 rating of ~50,000 of continual use and our large LED modules have and L-70 rating of ~120,000 hours of continual use.
Note: L-70 is a rating that means that at 50,000 / 120,000 hours our lights should still produce 70% of their original brightness.
PaperCity Houston April 2017 features one of our favorite backlit stone projects, Aria Stone Gallery’s backlit Onyx Caramello bar, at The Grove Tyler. The lighting of the room is seen in the details, such as the built-in bookshelf near the entryway with individual lighting on each shelf.
The weather is getting cooler and we are cozying up to these phenomenal statement fireplaces cladded in marble, quartzite and onyx. Add warmth, texture and variation to your room by creating a stand out focal point with your fireplace.
Calacatta Extra marble is one of the most exclusive marbles in the world. The deep grey veining scattered with feathery taupe adds to its simple, classic beauty. This marble ribbon fireplace designed by SHM Architects creates a pleasing combination of textures, instantly creating a classic focal point.
We found inspiration in this Pietra Grey Leathered fireplace by interior designer, Kelly Wearstler. The dark contemporary marble is nicely complimented by a perfect balance of geometric forms.
For a colorful and bold feature, try a bookmatch or quadmatch design using a colorful marble or quartzite. This Verde Aurora quadmatch utilizes four slabs of marble to create one outstanding focal point.
This stand-alone Statuario Cremo Marble fireplace and room divider by Charleston designer Angie Hranowsky is both show-stopping and functional. Create a strong, neutral statement that can grab your attention among colorful design.
Eyes are automatically drawn to the Zebrino White marble fireplace designed by Karyn Dismore Interiors. While the natural horizontal striation of the marble makes the room appear wider, the floor to ceiling design moves the eye upward, creating a dramatic effect.